An Analysis of this issue of the Old Kingdom of Macedonia in the present day Greece
The ancient Kingdom of Macedonia, positioned in the north of modern day Greece,
was established by Perdiccas I about 640 B.C. Perdiccas was a Dorian, although
the Macedonian tribes included Thracian and Illyrian factors. Originally a
semibarbarous and fragmented power, Macedon started to be tributary to Persia under the
Persian kings Darius I and Xerxes I and thereafter struggled to keep up itself
against Thracians and various other barbarians and against the Greek metropolitan areas of the
Chalcidice as well as Sparta and Athens.
A fresh stage began with Archelaus (d.399 B.C.), who centralized the kingdom
with something of roads and forts; he as well fostered the Hellenization of his
people by inviting well-known Greek artists, Euripides included in this, to his court.
Few regions gave much considered to Macedonia. The region was so primitive that
it appeared to belong to another age- it had been a rude, brawling, heavy-drinking
country of dour peasants and landowning warriors. The vocabulary was Greek, but so
tainted by barbarian strains that Athenians cannot understand it. Macedonia
remained an outland. Expansion of trade in the